Building early numeracy is key to success. Practice counting and working with numbers within groups of 10 with students in K-2. When counting objects, ask your child to organize objects in a consistent pattern. This teaches grouping strategies and helps students begin to work within base 10. Older students still need opportunities to visualize numbers. Continue calling your child's attention to sets of 10 and 100 within larger numbers. We refer to this as "working within base 10". This supports students ability to work with numbers mentally, making them more fluid with their computational skills.
Reading is the foundation of success for all subject areas. Teachers work with students in small groups to explicitly focus on reading skills. K-2 students spend a large amount of time learning to decode specific letters and/or groups of letters. Help your child practice these skills by sounding out word lists and decodable texts. These resources are regularly sent home by teachers. Older students may still need support in these areas but should also be encouraged to begin reading more challenging texts. A great way to do this is to expose your child to nonfiction text. Both our school and local library have a great assortment of these books available for check out.
Students of all ages benefit from exposure to a large number of vocabulary words and background knowledge. Talk with your students about daily events, what happened during school, and what they are reading. Take time to use new vocabulary and explain the meanings of these words during discussions. Discuss events from books your child is reading to help them build their understanding. Go beyond the text and search the internet for more information on the characters, events, or time period portrayed in the book.