Student Services/Special Education

It is the intent of the Cullman City School System tomeet the individual needs of students with special needs in an efficientand timely manner. Each child is evaluated and an educational programdeveloped to meet the individual needs of that student. The followinginformation summarizes the responsibility of the school system anddefines the areas in which students can be identified as having adisability:


Child Find

It is the responsibility of the Cullman City SchoolSystem to develop and implement procedures that ensure all childrenwithin its jurisdiction, birth to twenty-one, regardless of the severityof their disability and who needs special education and relatedservices are identified, located, and evaluated.


Teachers, parents, physicians, therapists, etc. whohave concerns with a student’s developmental or academic progress canrequest a “Referral” to the school system to determine if the studentneeds specialized instruction.  Please speak with your child’s teacher,contact the school counselor, or call the Student Services Department @256-734-2233 X 9041.   You can also use the appropriate statewide tollfree numbers listed below:


Ages 3 - 21

1-800-543-3098 (V/TDD)

Birth through 2

1-800-548-2547 (voice only)

Alabama Relay Service


Areas of Qualification 

Autism - A developmental disability that significantly affects verbaland nonverbal communication and social interaction generally evidentbefore age three that adversely affects educational performance.

Deaf-Blindness - A combination of both hearing and visualimpairments, the combination of which causes such severe communicationand other developmental and educational needs that they cannot beaccommodated in special education programs solely for children withdeafness or children with blindness.

Developmental Delay - A delay  that adversely affects daily lifeand/or educational performance in one or more of the followingdevelopmental areas:

  1. Adaptive
  2. Cognitive
  3. Communication
  4. Social or emotional and/or
  5. Physical

Emotional Disability - A condition exhibiting one or more of thefollowing characteristics over a long period of time and to a markeddegree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:

  1. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors;
  2. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers;
  3. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
  4. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression;
  5. A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

Hearing Impairment - An impairment in hearing, whether permanent orfluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.The term includes both deaf and hard of hearing.

Intellectual Disability - Significantly subaverage generalintellectual functioning existing concurrently with significantlimitations in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmentalperiod that adversely affects the child's educational performance.

Multiple Disabilities - A combination of at least 2 other impairmentsthat qualify the student for special education services. Thecombination the disabilities must cause such severe educational needsthat they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solelyfor one of the impairments. Multiple Disabilities does not includedeaf-blindness. 

Orthopedic Impairment – A severe orthopedic impairment must adverselyaffect the child's educational performance. If a medical diagnosis ispresented, the medical diagnosis alone is not enough to justify beingidentified in the area of orthopedic impairment.

Other Health Impairment   - Limited strength, vitality or alertness,including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that resultsin limited alertness with respect to the educational environment and isdue to chronic or acute health problems. The impairment must adverselyaffect educational performance.

Specific Learning Disability - A disorder in one or more of the basicpsychological processes involved in understanding or in using language,spoken or written, which may manifest itself in the imperfect abilityto listen, think, speak, read, write, or to do mathematicalcalculations.

Speech and Language Impairment - A communication disorder in the areaof articulation, voice, fluency, or language that adversely affects achild's educational performance.

Traumatic Brain Injury - An acquired injury to the brain caused by anexternal physical force, resulting in total or partial functionaldisability or psychosocial impairment or both, that adversely affectseducational performance.

Visual Impairment - A visual impairment that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance.


Preschool Services

Children ages 3 through 5 who are determined eligible in any of the aforementioned areas and reside within the jurisdiction of the Cullman City School System may qualify for preschool special education services.